This is a breakdown of the types of construction projects and associated attributes that define each type.

What is construction?

Yes, we know what construction is, but it’s important to understand the different types of construction.

On one hand, construction is defined as a process that consists of the building or assembling of infrastructure.

On the other, a construction project includes all material and work necessary for the construction of a finished structure. This encompasses site preparation, foundations, mechanical, electrical work, and any other work necessary to complete the project.

While there are several types of construction projects, most of them fall into one of two categories:

  1. Building construction
  2. Industrial construction

These two types of construction can overlap, however, each type requires its own processes, including:

  • Planning
  • Designing
  • Executing
  • Necessary permits

Building Construction

Building construction projects account for the vast majority of the construction industry. They are the most common type of construction. While most of these are smaller projects like additions and renovations, they also include larger ones such as the construction of a skyscraper. The first type of building construction is commercial construction, which includes

  • Skyscrapers
  • Banks
  • Gas stations
  • Hotels
  • Restaurants
  • Supermarkets

Obviously, these are generally more expensive and time consuming than residential construction. Commercial construction is rarely done without hiring a construction company, as it often requires not just working with, but simply having access to have, dangerous machinery.

Residential construction is the other type of construction and includes

  • Apartments
  • Condos
  • Townhomes
  • Dormitories
  • Nursing homes
  • Any other establishment built for residents

Resident units typically require more regulations and codes than commercial construction, as they will be used in a much different manner. Because these are smaller projects and budgets, construction companies often do not have the same type of resources for residential projects.These projects are often dictated by the types of building material available in the area, which is why wood is by far the most popular. Depending on the scope of the project, many residents choose to undertake the construction process on their own. This can save a ton of money, but can be quite time-consuming and even dangerous. A consultant for construction projects can help guide DIY builders get the job done properly and safely.

Industrial Construction

Industrial construction is much less frequent, yet still very important to the industry. These types of projects often include

  • Factories
  • Power plants
  • Mills
  • Refineries

These types of construction are usually undertaken by larger construction companies on behalf of larger corporations. The main reason that these types of construction projects are handled by large companies is because they often require a wide array of expert construction knowledge. While safety is always a concern during any construction project, it’s especially important during an industrial project as any flaw in the design can create a dangerous situation down the road. For this reason, industrial construction generally requires more planning as well as teamwork coordination. There will often be dozens of laborers working on these projects, requiring effective communication and collaboration throughout.

The Wrap Up

These are the more popular types of construction projects. Construction is a big industry and there are many construction specialists to choose from. This, coupled with the use of the internet, has made it easier for the consumer to make a decision on how to proceed with his or her projects. With a little research, homeowners can find a consultant and guide them through their at-home construction projects.