Sooner or later, the server of any company can become a target for a virus attack or hack. The consequences of such actions are very serious, ranging from data corruption to the loss of a positive reputation. It is for this reason that many organizations place so much emphasis on building a secure server and keeping it secure.
As a rule, this involves the use of a whole range of measures, including regular monitoring of the system and updating protection tools. That is, it will not work to create a safe environment once and for all, since new methods of hacking the server are constantly appearing, which means that more and more vulnerabilities are found in the system.
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How to protect any server or workstation?
To avoid some serious issues with the safety of a server, try to follow the recommendations given below:
- the server must be placed in a separate room, access to which is restricted;
- it is better to install an air conditioner in this room for additional cooling – the best option would be to organize a separate room for mini-PBX, servers, and other network devices;
- the server must be sealed to be sure that it has not been taken apart in your absence – if possible, disable disk drives and CD-ROM in the BIOS or by disconnecting cables (this is needed to ensure that no one can access the file system using these storage media);
- if the server crashes, and you need to boot from cloud storage, flashcards, or CD, you can always bring them back into the system;
- remove the drives of all unnecessary device ports from the motherboard if customers or colleagues do not need to use them;
- you can leave some of them running on several computers in case the users need some additional opportunities;
- disable all unused USB, COM, and LPT ports;
- set a password on the BIOS and disable the ability to boot the computer from the external information carriers;
- don’t permit your users to save files on a local drive;
- at certain time intervals, remove all unnecessary information from local disks;
- workstation drives and printers should not be shared.
From the first view, these rules might seem difficult, but following them would prevent equipment damage and some enormously hard server software issues.
The data workflow, your client’s privacy, and even the budget of your company depend on your server safety strategy. Bear in mind that the more funds invested in equipment and software solutions, the more effective your firm’s functionality will be.