A solar power system uses photovoltaics to supply solar power; hence, the other name it is known for is the photovoltaics (PV) system. Residences that opted for solar power systems have their panels installed on the roof, pergola, ground, or carport of their homes. The systems produce electricity and send it directly to the residence.
But the question is, what is the solar power system that fits your needs?
At this moment, you may already be considering going solar. There are a lot of benefits that a homeowner, like you, can enjoy. The installation of the solar panel on a property is not as easy as it sounds. However, starting in doing so requires a lot of research before jumping at the opportunity. And you are on the right page!
This will help you weigh the pros and cons of the three different types of solar power systems.
Types of Solar Power Systems
On-grid Solar Power System
The on-grid solar power system generates power that is directly connected to the utility power grid. It does not require batteries to boot. It is also termed grid-tied solar, grid-feed solar, or grid-connect solar.
- It adds another way for your home to draw power aside from being on the grid.
- It is the lowest cost type of system due to its simple design and few components, so you can opt for this if your resources are limited.
- It lowers your electricity bill because this PV system balances the home power requirements and system production.
- It qualifies you for state and federal solar incentives. One way is through net metering, where you can sell unused energy.
- Since the on-grid PV system is dependent on the electricity provider and when the power goes down, it will not function.
- It does not have a battery as a backup system if a blackout occurs. Due to safety reasons, the utility grid needs to be entirely shut down for the linemen to repair it.
- It can’t produce solar energy when there is no sunlight, especially at night. It does not lower your utility bill at night.
- It provides less incentive to conserve energy.
Off-grid Solar Power System
The off-grid solar power systems are not connected to the utility grid, requiring a battery bank to complement solar power.
- It can supply the energy needs of a house that is far away from the utility grid or in a remote area.
- It is 100% self-sufficient, so if a power outage occurs in your area, you are exempted from experiencing it.
- It has a fixed and predictable cost.
- It is possible to expand the capacity of the PV system over time as your solar energy needs grow.
- It requires a backup battery which is expensive and bulky. Otherwise, an electric generator is added as a power source during extended excess system production or unusual demand.
- It requires regular maintenance.
- It has more components making it more expensive than the on-grid PV system.
- It does not qualify you for some state or federal incentives as it is not connected to the utility grid.
Hybrid Solar Power System
The hybrid solar power system generates solar energy as an on-grid PV system does, but it adds unique hybrid inverters and batteries to the system. Its name refers to combining two renewable sources of energy which are solar and wind energy. However, configurations to the designs of the PV system focus on the solar power source.
- It provides a continuous solar energy supply as it can use the power stored in the batteries as an inverter to give you backup. You can still live life as it is with the electricity supply as it saves your household from power outages, nighttime, or less to no sun days.
- It makes use of renewable sources efficiently. It wastes no excess energy by storing it on sunny days and using it on bad days. The system itself maintains the balance in the best way.
- It is low maintenance.
- It manages load accordingly.
- Its controlling process is complicated in that it requires a certain degree of knowledge.
- Its initial investment is high. The installation cost of this PV system is significantly higher, although the maintenance is low.
- Its battery life is shorter as it is exposed to various natural elements.
- It has a limited number of devices it can connect to the system. It varies from system to system.
Now is the Time
Investing in a solar panel for the roof, pergola, ground, or carport of your home is no easy task. Although it requires research, reaching out to the right experts can help you address any on-point inquiries you have.
ACES Lyfe Energy Experts are not only reputable but also knowledgeable in making your home energy efficient. Sign up now for a free home assessment to get a professional recommendation for your home.