Look for these seven characteristics in your next employee interview to hire the oft elusive good employees.Good employees have strong discipline.

Building a great team is the difference between the success or failure of a business. It’s not easy to build a great team that shares your vision.

What common habits do nearly all good employees have? Look for these characteristics when you interview and make a hiring decision.

Good employees have strong discipline.
The best employees have strong discipline. Talented people are effective when they’re in a good mood or excited about their work. But it’s rare that we can be in a good mood 100 percent of the time. Also, the initial excitement around a project often dissipates as it drags on.

Even you won’t be 100 percent excited about your business at all times. That’s because a business is like a roller coaster ride. There are many ups and downs, often in the same day, so it’s important that employees stay disciplined.

Good employees welcome criticism.
We all make mistakes. The most effective employees seek constructive criticism rather than avoid it—especially when they’ve made a mistake. Winston Churchill famously said, “Criticism may not be agreeable, but it is necessary. It fulfills the same function as pain in the human body. It calls attention to an unhealthy state of things.”

Average employees typically become defensive and hostile when receiving constructive feedback. High-performance employees know that without constructive feedback, it’s difficult to improve.

Think about your employees or, if you’re working for someone else, your colleagues. When you or another person provide constructive criticism, do your employees or colleagues listen and act on that criticism? Or do they instead choose to argue and quickly become defensive?

Good employees embrace opportunities.
The most effective employees look for weaknesses within an organization both to correct those weaknesses and to show skill and leadership. Highly effective employees don’t sit and wait for opportunities to come to them.

Good employees are persistent.
True innovation requires hard work and focus, not just great ideas. We tend to be excited about end goals but not prepared for the hard work and persistence. Even with careful planning, some projects can take much longer to complete than expected.

Good employees are decisive.
Don’t hire people at any position if you don’t believe they can be decisive. To scale your business, you want people to take risks and not worry about making mistakes. Most employees, especially at bigger companies, hold themselves back because they fear failure.

It’s true that some ideas and initiatives will fail. Maybe even most will fail. Think of those ideas and initiatives as experiments and follow Thomas Edison’s perspective: “I haven’t failed, I’ve found 10,000 ways that don’t work.”

You’ll rarely have complete information when running a business or making decisions, but indecision is paralyzing, especially to startups and small businesses.

Good employees listen first.
Most people talk too much. The most effective employees (and leaders) are people who listen first and talk when they have something meaningful to add to the conversation. Such employees are effective because they don’t need to hear themselves talk. They consider the facts, ask questions, and then share an opinion. Silence is golden.

You might think this invites them to talk, not to listen. True. Yet, by asking questions, you’re exploring whether they take cues from your answers to ask follow-up questions. If they simply walk in and ask three pre-written questions, it’s doubtful they care much about what you have to say: they’re simply asking questions because most job candidates are expected to ask questions during an interview.

Pay attention to how they’re asking the questions. Are they asking why questions or what questions? A person who knows how to listen first generally asks “why” questions—why do you need something done, for example.

People who lack good listening skills generally ask “what” questions—what do you need done? Even though the questions seem similar, they’re not. A person who understands the answer to the why question can be creative and might find a much better way to solve a problem. A person who asks what questions will typically do what needs to be done, but since they won’t know why you need it done, they’ll have little room or reason to be creative.

Good employees embrace opportunities.Good employees know their limits.
The most effective employees are experts in their key areas, but recognize when a project is over their head and bring in others to help. They generously share credit with others to make sure that in the future others would continue to lend a helping hand. This conveys great judgment and leadership.

You don’t want employees that take on projects they can’t complete, waste months on those projects, and then leave or come to tell you that they are in over their head. You also don’t want people to take 100 percent of the credit and dish out 100 percent of the blame.

Interview Tips
When interviewing, ask about the candidate’s favorite project and also about their least favorite project. Compare the passion with which they describe each project, the effort they brought to each project, and the results they achieved.

Highly effective employees will, naturally, be more passionate about projects they loved, but they’ll demonstrate a good deal of self-discipline talking about projects they did not like—and what they did to achieve great results despite a lack of strong interest.

Ask about a time when the candidate made a mistake in their job and how they dealt with it. What did their boss do? Did the candidate agree with the feedback? How did they respond? Did they respond promptly?

Ask candidates about longer projects on which they worked. Talk about the details, how they maintained their motivation, focus and excitement over a long period of time. How did they deal with teammates who were not as motivated or focused?

Ask candidates about projects in their prior jobs where they took big risks. How did that project originate? Was it self-driven or assigned?

One good way to measure a person’s listening skills is to give them opportunities to ask questions.

Ask about especially difficult projects that required collaboration with others: Was the collaboration required or did the candidate bring in other people after the project started to fill in expertise gaps? How did the teams work together? How was credit shared?


Ross Kimbarovsky is founder and CEO at crowdSPRING and Startup Foundry. In 2007, Ross left a successful 13-year career as a trial lawyer to pursue his dream of founding a technology company (in part so that he could wear shorts and sandals to work every day) by founding crowdSPRING – one of the world’s leading marketplaces for crowdsourced logo design, web design, graphic design, product design, and company naming services. You can learn more in his e-book: http://library.crowdspring.com/stand-out-business-ebook/